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Research Papers

Large Eddy Simulation and Experimental Analysis of Combustion Dynamics in a Gas Turbine Burner

[+] Author and Article Information
Daniel Moëll

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB,
Finspong SE-612 83, Sweden
e-mail: daniel.moell@siemens.com

Andreas Lantz

Division of Combustion Physics Lund University,
P.O. Box 118,
Lund SE-221 00, Sweden
e-mail: andreas.lantz@siemens.com

Karl Bengtson

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB,
Finspong SE-612 83, Sweden
e-mail: karl.bengtson@siemens.com

Daniel Lörstad

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB,
Finspong SE-612 83, Sweden
e-mail: daniel.lorstad@siemens.com

Annika Lindholm

Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB,
Finspong SE-612 83, Sweden
e-mail: annika.lindholm@siemens.com

Xue-Song Bai

Department of Energy Sciences Lund University,
P.O. Box 118,
Lund SE-221 00, Sweden
e-mail: xue-song.bai@energy.lth.se

1Corresponding author.

2Present address: Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspong, SE-612 83, Sweden.

Manuscript received July 5, 2018; final manuscript received November 28, 2018; published online February 11, 2019. Editor: Jerzy T. Sawicki.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 141(7), 071015 (Feb 11, 2019) (10 pages) Paper No: GTP-18-1448; doi: 10.1115/1.4042473 History: Received July 05, 2018; Revised November 28, 2018

Large eddy simulations (LES) and experiments (planar laser-induced fluorescence of the hydroxyl radical (OH-PLIF) and pressure transducer) have been carried out on a gas turbine burner fitted to an atmospheric combustion rig. This burner, from the Siemens SGT-800 gas turbine, is a low NOx, partially premixed burner, where preheat air temperature, flame temperature, and pressure drop across the burner are kept similar to engine full load conditions. The large eddy simulations are based on a flamelet-generated manifold (FGM) approach for representing the chemistry and the Smagorinsky model for subgrid turbulence. The experimental data and simulation data are in good agreement, both in terms of time averaged and time-resolved quantities. From the experiments and LES, three bands of frequencies of pressure fluctuations with high power spectral density are found in the combustion chamber. The first two bands are found to be axial pressure modes, triggered by coherent flow motions from the burner, such as the flame stabilization location and the precessing vortex core (PVC). The third band is found to be a cross flow directional mode interacting with two of the four combustion chamber walls in the square section of the combustion chamber, triggered from general flow motions. This study shows that LES of real gas turbine components is feasible and that the results give important insight into the flow, flame, and acoustic interactions in a specific combustion system.

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Figures

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Fig. 3

A snapshot of instantaneous pressure, temperature and velocity field from LES

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Fig. 2

Experimental setup

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Fig. 1

Schematics of the SGT-800 burner with laser sheet (a) and combustion rig assembly (b)

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Fig. 4

Planar laser-induced fluorescence of the hydroxyl radical data with instantaneous snapshot, instantaneous gradient, and PDF of gradient (top), LES data for grid 1 (middle) and LES data for grid 2 (bottom): (a) experiment, (b) grid 1, δ-PDF, (c) grid 1, β-PDF, (d) grid 2, δ-PDF, and (e) grid 2, β-PDF

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Fig. 5

Mean (solid lines) axial velocity, mean temperature, and rms (dashed lines) of temperature along the center line predicted in LES using different PDF shapes and M criterion for grids 1 and 2: (a) mean axial velocity, (b) mean temperature and rms of temperature fluctuation, grid 2, (c) M criteria, grid 1, and (d) M criteria, grid 2

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Fig. 6

Comparison of experimental and LES pressure data sampled at the location of the pressure transducer

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Fig. 7

Acoustic eigenmodes, visualized by the magnitude of the pressure fluctuation, for St = 0.18 (bottom), St = 0.69 (middle), and St = 1.56 (top) from Helmholtz solver

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Fig. 8

Pressure (top), axial velocity (middle), and mixture fraction (bottom) on the burner center line over the simulation time, τ, combined with flame position represented by c̃=0.5 (white line)

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Fig. 9

Temporal evolution of pressure, swirl number (left axis), and the axial location of FSP and c̃=0.5 (right axis)

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Fig. 10

Pressure along two perpendicular radial lines, located at x/D =0.5

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Fig. 11

Fluctuation of pressure normalized by a reference pressure on combustion chamber walls

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